Most people will experience trauma in their lifetime. While many can recover from trauma over time with the love and support of family and friends, others may discover lasting effects such as deep emotional pain, fear, confusion, or posttraumatic stress far after the event has passed.
Types of Trauma include:
- Single incident trauma- an accident, natural disasters, single abuse or assault, sudden loss, witnessing violence, illness, or medical issue
- Complex trauma- ongoing abuse or neglect, domestic or community violence, war, recurrent physical or sexual abuse, and/or abandonment
- Developmental trauma- is always complex trauma that occurs within the caregiving system and interferes with healthy attachment and development, leading to adulthood with chronic relational problems and an innate sense of self as “bad” with a deep sense of shame and guilt
Trauma Symptoms according to the four types of symptoms listed in the DSM-5
- Repetitive and unwanted thoughts
- Nightmares or flashback
- Specific locations
- Emotions, or people that remind you of the traumatic experience(s).
- Sleep disturbances Aggressive
- Destructive behaviors
Negative Mood and Cognition Symptoms
- Loss of interest in enjoyable activities
- Difficulty with concentration and memory
- Changes in habits or behaviors since the trauma
- Negative beliefs about self or others
- Problem to experiences positive feelings
Research has proven psychotherapy to be the most effective form of trauma treatment. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) are commonly used in treating trauma.
If you or someone you know matches the trauma symptoms listed above, I am confident that I can help and invite you to contact me today for a free consultation.